Q – Today there are now at least thirteen species of finches on the Galapagos Islands and all of them evolved from one ancestral species, wh
Q – Today there are now at least thirteen species of finches on the Galapagos Islands and all of them evolved from one ancestral species, which colonized the islands a few million years ago. What steps lead to speciation and a diverse range of finch types?
a – The ancestral finch was a ground-dwelling, seed-eating finch.
b – The ecological niches throughout the islands exert selection pressures that push specific birds in various directions.
c – In the original population of finches, variations existed.
d – Interbreeding among the various finch types resulted in greater physical and genetic variations.
e – Birds physically changed over time to be able eat the food resources that were available.
f – Different physical traits helped certain finches survive in certain niches, eating specific food.