Which of the following statements about peptide bonds are true? Peptide bonds form from nucleophilic attack by an electron pair on an

Question

Which of the following statements about peptide bonds are true?
Peptide bonds form from nucleophilic attack by an electron pair on an alpha-amino nitrogen atom on an alpha-carboxyl carbon atom of another amino acid.
Peptide bond formation is a hydrolysis reaction.
Peptide bonds are amide linkages.
Peptides are polymers of proteins. A tetrapeptide contains five amino acid residues.

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Maya 3 months 2022-02-11T15:01:46+00:00 2 Answers 0 views 0

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    0
    2022-02-11T15:02:52+00:00

    The statement that is true about peptide bonds is;

    “Peptide bonds form from nucleophilic attack by an electron pair on an alpha-amino nitrogen atom on an alpha-carboxyl carbon atom of another amino acid.”

    Further Explanation:

    Amino acids

    • Amino acids act as a building blocks of proteins. They are made up of an amide group (NH2) and a carboxyl group (COOH).
    • There are 21 amino acids present in proteins and are classified as either essential or non-essential.
    • Essential amino acids are those that are obtained from the diet as humans can not synthesis them. Non-essential amino acids on the other hand are those that can be synthesized in the body.

    Proteins

    • Proteins are among the four macro-molecules in living organisms others being; lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids.
    • Many amino acids join together through peptide bonds to form polypeptide chains that join to form proteins.

    Peptide bonds

    • Peptide bonds are type of amide linkages that join amino acids together to form polypeptides or proteins.
    • Each amino acid in a protein is joined to another by a peptide bond.
    • During the formation of a peptide bond a carboxyl group of one amino acid combine with an amino group of another amino acid and a molecule of water is released.
    • Therefore, peptide bond formation is an example of a dehydration reaction due to the release of water molecules.

    Keywords; Proteins, amino acids, peptide bonds

    Learn more about:

    Level: High school

    Subject: Biology

    Topic: Macro-molecules

    Sub-topic: Peptide bonds and amino acids

    0
    2022-02-11T15:02:53+00:00

    The correct answers are: Peptide bonds form from nucleophilic attack by an electron pair on an alpha-amino nitrogen atom on an alpha-carboxyl carbon atom of another amino acid  and Peptide bonds are amide linkages.

    A peptide bond is an amide type of covalent chemical bond. It is formed between two amino acids:  C1 (carbon end) of one alpha-amino acid and N2 (nitrogen end) of another. Peptide bonds are the basis for the formation of a peptide chain and consequently protein.  Formation of peptide bond is a condensation process, meaning that when two amino acids combine and link, water molecule is released and dipeptide is a product of that reaction.

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