## You are presented with a simple food chain: phytoplankton-zooplankton-planktivorous fish-small predatory fish-top consumer fis

Question

You are presented with a simple food chain:

phytoplankton-zooplankton-planktivorous fish-small predatory fish-top consumer fish.

Use your understanding of how energy is lost at each trophic level and determine what the amount of phytoplankton must be to produce 10 kilograms of top predator fish.

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Biology
3 months
2022-02-13T22:13:20+00:00
2022-02-13T22:13:20+00:00 1 Answer
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## Answers ( )

Answer:Mass of phytoplanktons will be [tex]1,00,000[/tex] Kg

Explanation:As we know

[tex]1[/tex] Kg of body mass is equal to [tex]8.98 * 10^{17}[/tex] Joules

So energy contained in [tex]10[/tex] kg of fish which lies at the top of the food chain is

[tex]8.89 * 10^{17} * 10 = 8.89 * 10^{18}[/tex]

Now energy with small predatory fish be X

[tex]\frac{1}{10} * X = 8.89 * 10^{18}\\= 8.89 * 10^{19}[/tex]

Let the energy with planktivorous fish be Y

[tex]\frac{1}{10} * Y = 8.89 * 10^{19}\\= 8.89 * 10^{20}[/tex]

Let the energy with zooplankton be Z

[tex]\frac{1}{10} * Z = 8.89 * 10^{20}\\= 8.89 * 10^{21}[/tex]

Let the energy with phytoplankton be A

[tex]\frac{1}{10} * A = 8.89 * 10^{21}\\= 8.89 * 10^{22}[/tex]

Mass of phytoplanktons will be

[tex]\frac{8.98 * 10^{22}}{8.98 * 10^{17}} \\10^5\\= 1,00,000[/tex]

Mass of phytoplanktons will be [tex]1,00,000[/tex] Kg